Definition and causes
Skin cancer consists of a basal cell carcinoma and pladeepitelcancer (combined non-melanoma skin cancer) and malignant melanoma (modermærkekræft).
Skin cancer (basal cell cancer) is the most common cancer in Denmark with 12,000 cases annually, and it is this form, we usually call "skin". Sunlight increases the risk of basal cell carcinoma, and it is the total amount of sunlight, as it has been at that place, that counts. Therefore, lysudsatte areas, especially the face and neck, most vulnerable.
Skin cancer (basal cell cancer) begins as a small tuber or a skin ulcer, and it grows very slowly. The metastases (spreading) never.
Symptoms of skin cancer
First, there was a small pink tuber (tumor) on the skin or a small wound that does not really want the whole. Hosp. there is unrest in the skin. Basal cell cancer may be more common in older people because they have suffered most sunlight through a long life, but it is also often at lyshårede or redheads with delicate skin type. Tumor sits mostly in the face, around the nose or eyes, but can also sit for example in chest or back.
Later you will see a wound in the middle, with a violence-shaped fringe around. In some cases it resembles a flat, reddish plate with dry, scaly skin failure. The wound or tubers can be fluid and flexible.
Complications of skin cancer
Skin cancer (basal cell cancer) is growing very slowly and is therefore a harmless form of cancer. Only if it is allowed to sit very long, it can grow into the tissue under the skin - this is a little stronger for tumors, which sits near the body orifices, such as by mouth. It can then grow into blood vessels, an eye or the like. The spreading never, but should still be removed quickly to prevent it from growing. It is highly unusual for a basal cell carcinoma is fatal.
Precautions for the skin cancer
If you have a wound that will not whole, or a hudforandring, which looks suspiciously off, you should always consult a doctor. Physicians often make the diagnosis with the naked eye and using a tissue (biopsy).
To prevent skin cancer should take the following precautions:
- Avoid excessive Sun, and you stay in the shade between noon. 11 and 14 in summer.
- If you still stay in the sun at noon, then tires to the skin with clothing and tires to face with a hat.
- Always use sunscreen with a high-protection factor, and remember to spread a thick layer on.
- Monitor your children from sunburn.
For more information, see also sunscreen
Treatment of skin cancer
There are several treatments, and all are very effective. Usually, one removes the cancer by surgery, or you scrape it and heat treating spot behind. You can also freeze it away or use laser radiation, and if the tumor is located near the nose or eyes, we often use X-rays.
After removal would typically go to check to make sure that the tumor will not come back. If this happens, it is almost always within the first two years. It should be pointed out that when you have had skin cancer (basal cell cancer) again, there is a greater risk of getting it again.