Definition and causes
In normal pregnancy happens changes of the woman's blood pressure. It starts to decline until the end of 1st trimester, after which it rises again, and at birth will be slightly higher than the output level. Will the blood pressure too high, it may be harmful to pregnancy.
High blood pressure in pregnancy is defined as a systolic blood pressure greater than 140 mm Hg and / or diastolic blood pressure greater than 90 mm Hg (normal blood pressure for an adult is around 120/80 systolic / diastolic).
Some women develop a transient high blood pressure, which then disappears during pregnancy. Other women had high blood pressure, even before they became pregnant.
If developments in the latter half of pregnancy, there can be a contraceptive poisoning (pre-eclampsia).
Symptoms of high blood pressure in pregnancy
Could be a headache, in rare cases, dizziness, but usually there are no symptoms.
Complications of hypertension in pregnancy
For high blood pressure is a risk of bleeding before birth, slow growth in the fetus (IUGR) or even fetal death.
Precautions, diagnosis and treatment
The diagnosis made by blood pressure measurement. To avoid complications as above will usually result in women with high blood pressure a little closer with frequent measurements during pregnancy and possible. treat high blood pressure with blood pressure-lowering medication. In addition, because the woman with blood tests that can detect possibly starting a liver and kidney effects.