Definition and cause
The disease is indicated by a diffuse muscle and / or tendon soreness, and feeling tired muscles. The pains must exist in some specific muscle points on the body, and they must have gone on for more than 3 months before it is called fibromyalgia.
It has not yet been possible to demonstrate a direct cause of the disease. But it is believed that patients have a modified smertetærskel in the muscles and brain. Muscles have reduced strength and endurance, and there may be reduced blood flow in them. The volume of the body's own pain-relieving substances called endorphiner, may be reduced. There were no visible or measurable change in the muscles or the blood.
The disease occurs 10 times more often in women than in men, and seen like in 30-50 years of age. It is believed that around. 1% of the adult population in Denmark meets the requirements for fibromyalgia.
The disease may still be associated with some skepticism among some doctors who, as it has been unable to find any detectable disease in the muscles, believes that the illness is psychological in nature.
Patient Group is very variable, and it is believed also that the symptoms may have a mental superstructure in some patients.
Symptoms of fibromyalgia
The symptoms are:
Pain in muscles and / or muscle energy in both body halves, both above and below the navel level. The pains to sit on specific muscle points. The duration must be at least three months.
Physical activity leads to deterioration.
Neighbors can be experienced:
The diagnosis made by the doctor from the above-mentioned disease criteria. However, it may be difficult to determine whether the symptoms of psychological or other background. Patients with certain rheumatic diseases will also meet the requirements for the diagnosis of fibromyalgia.
Treatment of fibromyalgia
The disease is difficult to treat, and popular painkiller tablets have no great effect. Various antidepressants have been shown to have beneficial effects, particularly to the improvement of night sleep.
Physiotherapeutic treatment is of great value, and in particular exercises in varmtvandsbassin has good power.
It is important, wherever possible, to keep in touch with work, and keep other social contact.
Select and complications
People with this disease live just as much time as normal people, but many are unfortunately forced to work part time and at worst can lead to early retirement because of fibromyalgia. Retirement may have significant consequences for social life, both personal and economic.
The intensity of the symptoms can vary at times, but it is a minority who are completely symptom-free. It is very important to continue its physiotherapeutic training even in good times the disease because it can prolong the symptoms are mild period.
Read more at:
Fibromyalgia - basic explanations.
Fibromyalgia - a psychological perspective.
Fibromyalgia - history and treatment options.
Physical activity as prevention.
Muscles are the body's shield.