Child development covers the things a child must be at different times in its development. We have established a number of milestones, as targets for the child is developing normally. These milestones are different skills that the child should be at a certain age.
The newborn child can not very much. It has a well developed følesans and can look at a short distance. The child can draw attention to its needs, for example. food to scream. About 2 weeks of age the child can distinguish facial expressions from each other and begin during the first few months to be able to recognize their mother and father. The child learns during the first week to respond to sounds and facial expressions, and mother and child develops an emotional communication.
6-8 weeks: The child begins to be able to control and bear the weight of his head. At this point, it may also react with smile when it is feeling good.
3 months: The child can keep his head up and move his arms when it is in the stomach,
4 months: The child begins to reach out to toys or other interesting objects. At this point, almost all the primitive reflexes disappeared. The primitive reflexes are gangrefleksen, search and suckling reflex and moro-refleksen (where the child strikes out with his arms and then puts them in front of the chest when you allow the head to fall slightly downward.)
6 months: The child is now starting to be able to sit without support. It can also move objects from one hand to the other
8-10 months: Here begins the majority of children to climb.
10-12 months: The child begins to stand up with support from, for example. a board or a hand.
12 months: The child begins to walk without support. Gangen will often be uncertain, and the child is with great distance between the feet and with his arms raised. The child may also intervene on objects with pincetgreb (with the utmost of your fingers instead of the whole hand).
15 months: The child is now completely free and more secure.
16-18 months: The child begins to draw, but only scribbles. The child can eat with a spoon.
- 2 months: The child responds to adults votes to smile, grunt, coo or sigh.
- 3 months: The child begins to babble, which means that it says a number of sounds with a particular rhythm and melody.
- 8-9 months: Pludrelydene beginning to imitate sproglyde, which captures the child in the surroundings.
- 10-18 months: Here begins the child to say real words. By 18 months, the child is usually about 10 words and understand simple commands.
- 2.5 years: Here the child use phrases of 3-4 words.
Social and emotional development
Small children learn to understand the outside world in interaction with other people, mainly parents. The reader so others response to various stimuli and thereby find out how we have to react. Fun is a very important part of the child's social and emotional development.
- 1-2 months: The child can distinguish known from strangers.
- 7-8 months: The child may be afraid that it can not see the parents.
- 18 months: Here are symbollege, where the child seems as if it does things.
- 3 years: This is also called trodsalderen, as the child here to test the limits. It is also at this point that the child begins to play socially, so that it shows understanding and compassion for others.
The importance of following the child's development
In Denmark offered to all children, a number børneundersøgelser of the practitioner, and are also associated with a healthcare provider. These health-care professionals are watching whether the child develop the skills that correspond to their age. A deviation from the normal will lead to further studies, and in some cases can offer treatment, so that the child's development is normal, or they may have arranged special measures in children who need extra support. If a child f.