Fever is the most common symptom of the fact that a child is sick. The temperature of both children and adults vary slightly during a day and is usually the lowest in the morning and highest in the evening. A child has a fever, when the temperature measured in endetarmen is over 38.0 degrees. The temperature should be measured in endetarmen, as the temperature in the ear, foot and armpit not always reflect the real body temperature.
Children who are under 3 months old, has an immature immune system and do not react so often with fever as slightly older children. If a child is under 3 months old, will have fever, are often signs of serious infection with the bacteria, why these children should always be assessed by a doctor and possibly admitted for observation.
Children who are over 3 months old, often have fever (38-40 degrees) at the general viral infections such as. influenza or cold But in many cases unaffected by the fever.
Caring for children with fever
It is important that a child with fever has appropriate clothing, since they must have the possibility of getting rid of the heat. It should only dress the child lightly or leave it entirely bliciedig, when it has fever. For example. the child should only be with a sheet or similar over themselves instead of a quilt. There should be cool in the room where the child is located. It may also be good for the child to have a cool, wet cloth on the forehead.
When a child has a fever, which evaporates more fluid from the body, and the child is in danger of coming into væskeunderskud (become dehydrated). It is therefore important that the child is given plenty of fluids, preferably in the form of juice or saftevand. If the child will not drink, it may be necessary to have the child taken to hospital, where it could have liquid in a drop. A sign on to the child is in væskeunderskud, is that it is not wet much. If the child's diaper so after several hours is completely dry, it is a farete
Children with fever often do not have the urge to eat, and they should not try to force them to eat. Children can easily do without food for a few days while they are sick. The main thing is that they get something to drink.
Children over 2 years may be useful to give febernedsættende medicine in the form of paracetamol (Panodil, Pamol, Pinex etc..). We should only give children under 2 years febernedsættende medicine, in agreement with a doctor. If the child is feberkramper , You can provide medicine, in most cases, kramperne to stop if they do not stop by itself. This, however, be in agreement with a doctor who need to print the medication without a prescription.
If the child is not particularly affected by the fever and want to play, it must be like that. It does not lie in bed.
Attention should be paid to the following faretegn when a child has a fever:
- If the child becomes unconscious
- If the child has a fever of 40.5 degrees
- If the child becomes sløvt and is not interested in the surroundings or toys
- If the child is crying constantly without being able to trøstes
- If the child will have difficulty breathing
- If the child is given the convulsions
- If the child is not wet and will not drink
- If the child is under 3 months old
If one or more of the above faretegn are present, one should contact a doctor immediately.