Definition and causes
Dysentery is a common term for inflammation of the intestine and possibly bloody. inflammation filled diarrhea. The disease is a contagious disease, usually caused by bacteria ofShigella -type, but also can occur with infection with small amøber (see also Amøbedysenteri).
People with no treatment can be very sick, and lose large amounts of fluid because of the heavy diarrhea.
The disease infects at a so-called fæko-oral route (ie that the bacteria enter the body through the fingers, food or water contaminated with human stool).
When the bacteria fall into the colon, they multiply and excrete a toxin, leading to some intestinal cells die, and the emergence of inflammation in the gut. This gives the pusfyldte and bloody diarrhea.
The disease is normally seen in Denmark, but in rare cases imported, when people have been traveling in the tropics. In developing countries and elsewhere with reduced hygiene standard is dysentery a major problem.
Symptoms of dysentery
There is usually between 1-4 days from being infected, you get the symptoms. These are usually:
- General feeling sick.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Diarrhea with blood and pus.
Precautions and diagnosis
Have we been traveling and have great bloody diarrhea, one should go to the doctor. The diagnosis made by the doctor takes a stool sample to be tested for bacteria.
Treatment of dysentery
Treatment of dysentery happens with antibiotics, and has lost much fluid, you can risk being in the hospital and be given fluids into the bloodstream.
Select and complications
In Denmark, the prognosis good, because it has access to both fluid and antibiotics treatment.
In developing countries can cause dysentery deaths because of inadequate treatment.
Prevention of dysentery
We do not vaccinate against dysentery.
Prevention of infection is through good hand and kitchen hygiene (particularly the washing of vegetables), and by being careful by ingestion of food and drink abroad, where there is less good hygiene.