Definition and causes
Cholera is a bacteria that can cause intestinal infection in humans. It exists mainly south of the Sahara and in India, but also in Southeast Asia and South America. There are imported annually between 0 and 3 cases in Denmark.
Cholera Bakterien spill through contaminated drinking water or food that is not properly prepared. Preventing disease is complicated by the fact that for every person with symptoms of cholera infection, found 5 people with dangerous infectious cholera, no or few symptoms.
The disease has short incubation period (the time it takes from the bacteria ingested, the disease) from 12 hours to 5 days, usually less than 2 days.
Prevention of cholera infection are the same as for other bacteria, allowing stomach intestinal infection. If you reside in areas with cholera, be sure to drink water that is boiled or sufficient chlorine-treated. It is important to wash hands after visiting toilet and before eating. Fish and shellfish should not be consumed raw.
Symptoms of cholera
Symptoms begin abruptly with severe vomiting and water-thin diareer. There is usually no abdominal pain or fever, and diaréen is characterized by a bloodless and similar risvand.
Diaréen is very rough and you lose large amounts of fluid, up to 30 liters daily. There can quickly cause severe dehydration with symptoms such as awareness concealment and reduced ability to coordinate. There may be convulsions and coma, and death can occur within a few hours. Many cases of cholera have a much milder course of a few days and may be confused with other types of gastric intestinal infection.
Precautions and diagnosis
The diagnosis made solely on the above symptoms, and there must boot treatment quickly, before there is a response to growing bacteria from the stools.
Treatment of cholera
Treatment is simple and consists of replacing the huge salt-and fluid. Give large quantities of salt and sugar water solution directly into a vein. In most cases, the sick able to take fluids by mouth, and treatment can be supplemented with fluid intake this way.
Treatment with antibiotics used for severe cases of cholera and can shorten the time with diarrhea and reduce the risk of infection. The body is nevertheless fully able to control and eradicate cholera infection, if only fluid loss recoverable under way.
In developing countries, die 60% of those infected, if cholera infection remains untreated, while only 1% of deaths due to proper treatment.