It is common that children are forkølede and hosts sometimes in the autumn, winter and spring. This need not cause for concern. Most children affected by a number of colds when they start school. Some even so often that they spend more time at home than at school. The reason for this is that the child comes into contact with a number of new types of pathogens when they start school. Gradually, however, develop the immunity against the new pathogens and are rarely fork
A child with colds have also often cough. Rather than blow his nose snuser child may næsesekretet down in the throat, as irriteres, and the child hosts to get rid of sekretet. Forkølede children are quite often also stomach and are sometimes vomiting.
When should seek a doctor?
In rare cases, recurring cough and cold caused a serious underlying disease. In such cases it seems as if the child also has the bad between forkølelserne, and a medical examination may be required.
In some children caused forkølelsessymptomerne not of an infection, but the allergy (see Hay Fever ). If the child nyser, runny nose and eyes running in the summer months, it may be allergic to pollen. The presence of symptoms, however, in most of the year the child may instead be allergic to dust or the hair of a domestic animal. Problems with allergies can often begin when the child is between one and three years. If the child has colds all year round, we should talk to your doctor about the case.
If recurring cough does not occur with colds but accompanied by gispende breathing, which may indicate asthma or, in rare cases in cystic fibrosis , Should the child be examined by a doctor.
Some symptoms can involve complications encountered in acold. One should always consult a doctor if the child has a cold and also refusing to eat, are turbulent, or if the skin feels very warm. The same applies if the child will have evil in the ears, under the eyes or in the forehead, hit by high fever (over 39 °), or has persistent hoarseness with rasping, dry cough and sore.
What can we do?
In many cases, hosts a cold child, especially at night. The reason for this might be that the room is too cold and the air is irritating to the child's trachea, or that there is too hot, and therefore the air is too dry. Luftvejenes mucous membranes become irritated and therefore hosts the child. By regulating the heat in space can sometimes relieve cough.
Infants who are forkølede may find it difficult to suck enough, when they get mad. This need not lead to unrest if the state only one or two days. Try to keep the child's nose free of secrete which prevents air passage, so it can breathe through the nose.
We can provide more children something warm to drink, which helps to slimen in the airways resolved. The doctor may also prescribe a cough.
We can lower the fever by cooling the child with a vaskeklud twisted up in warm water.
Examination of the chest
By listening to åndedrætslyden with a Stethoscope, the doctor can detect whether the infection has spread to the lower respiratory tract and caused a bronkopneumoni (see Pneumonia ) Or a inflammation of the small trachea .
Examination of the ears
Infections of the airways often spread to mellemøret through the eustakiske pipes. It is important that these infections are treated with antibiotics, as they may cause problems later in life, for example. hearing impairment.
Examination of the throat
The doctor examines the throat to detect inflammation of the tonsils or næsepolypperne. Betændte enlarged tonsils or adenoids is usually not serious conditions, but they can hamper breathing. If the child has had pibende breathing will also study on the inflammation has spread to the larynx (see Pibende breathing and false strubehoste