Definition and causes
Atrieseptumdefekt, ASD is a congenital hole in the cut (septum) between left and right pre-chamber (atrie). ASD is one of the most common congenital heart disease (representing about. ¼ of all hjertemisdannelser).
After birth, pressure in the left side of the heart higher than the right side. This leads to the blood by ASD flow from left to right pre-pre-and thereby increase the amount of blood in the right hjertehalvdel and lungernes flow. As a rule, right hjertehalvdel compensate for the large amount of blood by expanding without giving symptoms.
The causes of ASD other congenital heart disease described in Native heart failure .
Symptoms and went on congenital hole between the two forkamre (ASD)
See Native heart failure .
Most newborns and children will have no symptoms and the mortality rate is minimal. Some ASD'er closes spontaneously. Store ASD'er can sometimes give trivselsproblemer (slow growth), tend to pneumonia in children and the breathlessness of effort. With age may be greater ASD'er cause symptoms of heart failure and plus lungeblodtryk .
Diagnosis of congenital hole between the two forkamre
The diagnosis made by the doctor listens to the heart after a characteristic mislyd, the X-ray of the chest, ECG , And an echocardiography (a ultralydsundersøgelse where you can see the heart function and structure).
Treatment of congenital hole between the two forkamre (ASD)
Small ASD'er that does not entail the extension of the right hjertehalvdel, requires no treatment. Major gaps repaired by surgery. We are waiting, as a rule with this operation for the child has been a little older, so it can better withstand surgery.