Definition and causes
Aorta is latin for hovedpulsåren, and stenose means contraction. With aortastenose meant a narrow passage of blood from the left heart (ventricle) to hovedpulsåren aorta. Left heart must pump harder to maintain blood pressure, which leads to muscular in ventrikelvæggen grow significantly with the risk of heart failure . The cause of congenital aortastenose and heart failure in general are described below Native heart failure .
Symptoms of congenital aortastenose
See Native heart failure .
The symptoms very much dependent on where stated forsnævringen is, and when that occurs heart failure. Critical aortastenose of the newborn resulting in fast heart failure and death, while children with a little less stenoses first develop heart failure, and thus symptoms during the first months. Children with congenital aortastenose, there have been signs at this time, not develop heart failure before adolescence or adulthood because their hearts are able to adapt to the extra work. Mild
The diagnosis made by the doctor listens to the heart after a characteristic mislyd, the Chest X-ray, ECG And a echocardiography (a ultralydsundersøgelse where you can see the heart movements).
Treatment and prognosis of congenital aortastenose
Aortastenose treated by surgery, either a removal of a heart valve or a ballonudvidelse of forsnævringen. In many cases, forsnævringen return, and it may be necessary to change hjerteklappen out and replace it with a prosthesis.