Definition and causes
High blood pressure in the lungs is usually a result of other disease of lungs or heart. Increases blood pressure in the lungs, it can further aggravate the poor lung function, including because water accumulates in the lungs. Simultaneous heart burdened further.
The major causes of high blood pressure in the lungs are:
Left sided heart failure.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD or Smoker Lungs).
Blood clots in the lungs.
Chronic inflammation in the lungs like. sarkoidose. Interstitial lung disease or lung fibrosis.
High blood pressure in the veins (veins) around the liver.
Congenital malformations of the lungs or heart.
Other ailments like. HIV may also increase blood pressure in the lungs. Also, a condition calledprimary pulmonary hypertensionWhere the cause of the increased pressure in the lungs is unknown. This disease is often 30-40 years of age and is most commonly in women.
Symptoms of high blood pressure in the lungs
Symptoms will be a result of the underlying disease but generally will be plagued by:
Precautions and diagnosis
The measures at high pressure in the pulmonary circulation similar to those described under the individual underlying diseases. Primary pulmonary hypertension is a rare, inherited disease, so women with this disorder is not recommended pregnancy.
The doctor will ask the underlying diagnosis in the patient's symptoms, and cardiac studies using echocardiography, ECG, hjertekammer pressure measurements and lung function measurements, X-ray and scanning
A blood sample in an artery in the arm can provide answers to how well the lungs oxides blood.
Treatment of hypertension in the lungs
Treatment depends entirely on the basic disease.
Primary pulmonary hypertension is very difficult to treat, and mostly goes out to reduce the symptoms of the disease. The treatment given in the form of ilttilskud, antibiotic treatment to prevent pneumonia and diuretic medication in the hope of reducing pressure. It also blood medication to counteract thrombus formation in the lungs.
There is also karudvidende blood pressure medication like. so-called calcium antagonists.
A newer type of medicine called prostaglandin, which is either taken as a pill or inhaled via an inhaler.
In severe high blood pressure in the lungs may be the last resort, life-saving transplant of heart and lungs.
Select and complications
That depends in turn on the underlying disease and its severity, and referred to specific articles.
High blood pressure in the lungs may be cited as serious and cause death due to congestion and failure of the heart and lungs. Many lives, however long with slightly increased pressure in the lungs, and depending on the disease because it would be medically feasible for some to lower pressure to a level in the normal range.
Primary pulmonary hypertension is not very good prognosis. The disease is relatively fast movements, and only approx. half are alive 3 years after onset. 20% after 5 years with the disease.