Definition and cause
Gangræn, or gangrene, is the name of vævsdød due to lack of oxygen. There are two types gangræn,dry gangrænanddamp gangræn.The humid gangræn occurs when an area of dry gangræn, or a wound, is infected with decay bacteria. These bacteria are often by natureClostridium, And they thrive best in an iltfattigt environment. in dead tissue.
The bacteria can form poisons (toxins), which can attack the surrounding healthy tissue, which cool the fire could spread. Bacteria reproduce often soon, and a moist gangræn can spread with a certain speed. Will the affected area customize large, gangrænet can be life threatening.
A special form of moist gangræn is calledgasgangræn. Here forming bacterium is a foul-smelling gas under the skin.
Symptoms of damp gangræn
Often you will have prior symptoms of tissue destruction due to lack of oxygen. When the tissue is dying, there is pain, but the dead tissue makes no pain. There can be black color of the dead body. In the humid gangræn may be pus (vaginal discharge is often yellow), and the patient may have fever. Woven look dissolved and humid out.
Inflammation can spread to blood and give sepsis, a serious condition. Gasgangræn releasing foul-smelling gas, and you hear a snowball-like crackling sound when you touch the skin.
In contrast to the arid gangræn respects the humid gangræn no limits to healthy tissue, but is spreading.
It is important to clean and maintain the cleanliness wounds. In large wounds, it is often necessary to cut away dead tissue and suture sårrenderne together. The doctor will give antibiotic treatment to prevent inflammation development.
Has there been bad blood circulation, and subsequent poor wound healing, for example. due to arteriosclerosis or diabetes, it is especially important to be aware of the wounds. This occurs most often around the toes, feet and shin.
Have we developed dry gangræn, you must keep the area clean and dry to avoid infection.
It is very important to consult a doctor at any sign of poor wound healing or gangræn (see dry gangræn).
Treatment of moist gangræn
Damp gangræn is a serious illness. The treatment will consist of surgery to remove the dead tissue. It would also remove some of the around-current healthy tissue to ensure that the bacterium does not spread. Outright amputation might be the case.
To eradicate the bacteria can be handled (eg. A leg) in a pressure vessel with saturated oxygen. Since the bacteria can not survive in iltrige environments, the door of the treatment. It will simultaneously provide antibiotic treatment to turn the bacterium to death.
Due to today's standards of hygiene are damp gangræn been a rare disease, and mortality rate is very low, if undertaken treatment in a timely manner.