Definition and causes
Diabetes is a condition in which reduced power or production of the hormone insulin reduces muscle and ability to absorb sugars from the blood. This leads to a number of symptoms and illnesses resulting in both short and long term. Diabetes is a relatively frequent illness, and it is estimated that at least 250,000 Danes have the disease.
I pancreas involves hormones, including controlling the body's sugar balance. It is aboutglucagonandinsulin. The insulin makes the sugar, which is in the blood, easier admitted in particular muscle and liver cells.
If there is a flaw in this system, will sugar accumulates in the blood because it can not be absorbed into the cells. They will instead use their fat and protein as an energy source. The liver, which among other things act as custodian of sugar, can not absorb sugar, which releases the intestine to the blood. Since the body's cells lacking sugar, on the other hand, will still release sugar from its depots, which discharged.
The inappropriately high amount of sugar in the blood is excreted in the urine in the kidneys, and through so-called osmosis to the high concentration of sugar draw water from the body with out. The result is dehydration due to many urination with sukkertilblanding.
The body also crushed, and the formation of acidic waste from particular fat breakdown, called ketones. In large doses is dangerous for your body, and developing acid accumulation,ketoacidosis. This is an acute life-threatening condition, and untreated diabetes mellitus often leads to death.
There are two types of diabetes mellitus:
Type 1 diabetes(Before known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, IDDM):This disease is also called juvenile diabetes and require treatment with insulin. It's an error in insulin production in bugspytskirtlen, and debut in childhood or adolescence. Read more at the press link.
Type 2 diabetes(Before Iinsulin called non-dependent diabetes mellitus, NIDDM):This type is also called age-related or "gammelmands" diabetes, since it rarely seen before 40 years of age. Unlike type 1 is due to the reduced sensitivity to insulin without the muscle cells. Bugspytskirtlen can still produce insulin, if necessary. in slightly reduced scale. By increasing load of glands may be insulin production decreases significantly. Read about the disease in link.
Diabetes mellitus is not to be confused with diabetes insipidus, which is another disease that emerged in a very different basis, which is otherwise very rare.