Definition and causes
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a catch for a variety of disabilities, where the brain's ability to control muscle is abnormal.
CP shown by spastiske, ustyrlige and / or paralyzed muscles, and children with cerebral palsy is therefore often called spastikere. This term is no longer a proper word for the disease, as there now are too many negative associations attached to the floor.
Cerebral palsy can be caused by brain damage occurred before, during and after birth:
- Great changes in the mother's blood pressure can destroy the fetus small blood vessels.
- Virus infections transmitted from mother to child ( Herpes simplex --, Toxoplasma, rubella -- And cytomegalovirus).
- Problems in blood flow in the placenta due to any abnormalities in the uterus, infections in fødselsvejen and hormonal disorders.
- Damage in the child's genes.
- Følgetilstand after encephalitis (encefalitis ).
- Følgetilstand after bacterial hjernehindebetændelse (meningitis) .
- Road accidents, other accidents and nærdrukningstilfælde.
Premature births and children with low birth weight have an increased risk of cerebral palsy.
Symptoms and complications of cerebral palsy (cerebral palsy)Symptombilledet depends on when in brain development damage has been done, and of the extent of the damage. The varying symptoms have given rise to share cerebral palsy up to 3 different syndromes:
Spastiske syndromes, ataktisk cerebral palsy and dyskinetisk cerebral palsy.
The three types are often combined in a greater or lesser extent
It is spastisk muskelaktivitet that is hovedsymptomet. This is shown by the affected muscles are constantly pulled together and the strongest muscles, bøjemusklerne, dominate in the arms and legs. This provides children with cerebral palsy the distinctive physical, elbow and the wrist is bent and arms lejret into the body. The palm pointing downwards, thumb pointing towards the håndfladen and fingers are bent. Hoften, knees and feet are bent and fodsålen turned inward. These movements are ufrivi
In the most severely affected children with cerebral palsy can spasticiteten be widespread in all four limbs, the so-calledtetraplegi, And muscular in the back and neck may be weakened so that it is difficult for the child to sit up. Many of these children are mentally handicapped and has nothing / vision, hearing and language. Many also develops epilepsy .
Ataktisk cerebral palsy
These children are lax in the beginning and have hampered the motor. They have poor coordination of movements, poor balance and speech. The children learn, but do not go, but have a broad-gauge time, which is normal in adulthood.
Dyskinetisk cerebral palsy
These children are under sleep relax the muscles, but when they are emotionally affected, will be moved in or the attempt to make voluntary movements, muskelspændingen sharp increase. These children are often the mentally handicapped.
A subgroup of dyskinetisk cerebral palsy are children whose symptoms are characterised by involuntary movements of arms, hands and fingers. These can be violent, kastende and rykkende in the muscles. It is particularly bad when the child is trying to make a voluntary act.
These children are mentally and intellectually normal.
Most children with cerebral palsy will develop convulsions and epilepsy. This aggravates the children already stifled intellectual development. The children have learning in the school. About a third are mentally retarded.
Precautions and diagnosis of cerebral palsy (cerebral palsy)
If you are worried for his child's development can contact sundhedsplejersken. All children are examined at regular intervals, and it is unlikely that a case of cerebral palsy would not be discovered.
The diagnosis, however, will be made by a thorough nerveundersøgelse jointly-held with the typical physical and gangmønster per child.
Treatment of cerebral palsy (cerebral palsy)
There is no curative treatment of cerebral palsy. The treatment includes a well-coordinated multidisciplinary approach, which may consist of parents, doctors, physiotherapists, speech therapists, hørelærere, teachers and later arbejdsterapeuter. The purpose of the effort is to ease the symptoms of the child and provide the tools for an improved quality of life.
Fysioterapien and medical adjusted according to the damage from the child.
Lægebehandlingen may include operations, for example. may extend senerne and correct abnormal positions. In addition, muscle weakness medicines reduce the need for operations. Fysioterapien intends to teach the child to go with the support of tools.
At talepædagogen will help the child to develop his speech, so far its disability permits. Hearing aid and glasses can be used.
Children with cerebral palsy examined regularly by a doctor, and also mental development assessed at regular intervals by special psychologists. It is therefore with the parents decide on the child's schooling. Many CP children are usually talented and can go in the regular school.
If they can not follow the normal school, they can get special.
Severe disability can be forced to be cared for either at home or in a home for the disabled.
As parents of a CP-child can people be concerned that the child's progress is too slow and that the way forward is far too heavy. It is therefore important to have someone to talk to, and to discuss the problems that we face in terms of child care, doctor or other people working with the child.
Forecast for cerebral palsy (cerebral palsy)
Children with cerebral palsy, who also is mentally retarded and has epilepsy and lack gangfunktion, has a bad livsprognose. CP-children who are normally gifted, living as long as healthy children.
Overall, children who can go to school, in later life can function relatively normally, while the majority are referred to the care institution, is a specialist in just their needs.