Definition and cause
Almost everyone has at some point in their lives that have experienced acid regurgitation, or heartburn. Usually these "attacks" short and mild. Acid regurgitation and heartburn caused by reflux (reflux) of stomach acid to the mouth or esophagus. Mavesyrerefluksen due to reduced strength in the lower esophagus shut muscle (see Table tube), so the normal valve function does not work. Mucous membranes of the esophagus is not equipped to deal with the acidic gastric juices, and the resulting pain or, during prolonged
Several factors predisposing to stomach acids immediately. Obesity leads to increased pressure in the belly, and this creates a higher risk of reflux. The same is true in pregnancy. Spiserørsbrok also assumed to have an impact at reflux.
Symptoms of stomach acids immediately - acid regurgitation and heartburn
Heartburn perceived as asearingorburningfeelingbehind the sternum, which beams up to the neck. By eructation cantastegastric acid. Rarely seen as refluxswallowing.
Precautions and diagnosis
If you are plagued by recurrent episodes of heartburn and acid regurgitation, there are several actions you can do:
- Avoid strong or acidic foods. Avoid high-fat food.
- Avoid chocolate and peppermint.
- Reducing or stopping of alcohol.
- Avoid late and great meals.
- Do not lie down or exercise immediately after meals.
- Smoking cessation.
- Weight loss.
- Elevation of bed head-end (slept in a couple of extra pillows).
- Avoid foroverbøjning.
- Avoid certain types of medicines, including certain types of painkillers and certain types of heart or blood pressure medication.
Usually, the symptoms are so obvious that there is no problem with making the diagnosis. But when in doubt, perform a kikkertundersøgelse of the esophagus. Alternatively, you can measure the acidity (pH) in the gullet more than 24 hours, possibly combined with pressure measurement of the muscle.
Treatment of stomach acids immediately - acid regurgitation and heartburn
If the above actions have no effect, you need to use medical treatment. For mild symptoms can be treated with agents that neutralize the acid and means to increase the strength in the lower closing muscle. If the symptoms are not alleviated, it can provide so-called acid pump inhibitors. For more information about types of medication and treatment principles, see article heartburn and stomach acids immediately.
If medication does not help, you can use the surgery in which the upper part of the stomach svøbes around the lower part of esophagus, thus forming a new closing mechanism.
Complications of stomach acids immediately - acid regurgitation and heartburn
For long-term reflux can cause damage to the mucous membranes of the esophagus. In severe cases can cause bleeding, which can be seen as a black, foul-smelling stool (digested blood) or as general anemia. There may also be inflammatory reaction in the esophagus, so-called spiserørskatar possibly with the constrictions of the esophagus as a result. There may also be what is calledBarrets possible oesophageal. It is a change in the mucous membranes of the esophagus, as it recalls the mucous membranes of the stomach. This condition is associated with a significant risk of developing cancer of the esophagus.