Definition and causes
A child may be lower than average for several reasons. Hereditary factors play a role of course, how well you get, but the diet must also be sufficient and contain the necessary nutrients and vitamins. Poor diet in childhood can contribute to that is lower than average.
Prolonged illness, for example. celiac disease, cystic fibrosis, Crohn's disease, or severe asthma may also lead to poor growth.
Little Growth may also be due to genetic defects, for example. byTurnersyndrome, Which only hurt girls, orAchondroplasi, An inherited disease gives reduced growth of the bones in the limbs.
In rare cases, due to dwarf growth reduced production of the hormones that are necessary for normal growth, particularly growth hormone from the pituitary or thyroid gland function.
Precautions and diagnosis
If you suspect abnormal growth of her baby, you can make regular measurements of the height in order to find out if the development deviates from the norm.
If the doctor suspects a genetic disease could be genetic tests that can exclude, for example. Turner syndrome or Achondroplasi.
If dwarf growth due to lack of growth hormone or thyroid gland function, can these diagnoses made using simple blood tests, which measure hormone levels in the blood.
An X-ray of the hand or wrist is used in some cases to determine if the skeleton is complete adult.
Treatment and prognosis
Slow growth due to inappropriate diet can usually be restored, if the necessary adjustments to the diet is.
In the absence of either growth hormone or thyroid gland function used replacement therapy with synthetic hormone preparations.
For the hereditary forms of dwarf growth, there is no curative treatment. But symptomatic treatment makes that can easily achieve a normal childhood, although not always achieve normal height as an adult.
Overall, it is important to initiate treatment of dwarf growth before puberty, when bones still have the potential for normal growth. If treatment is started early, there is a good chance to achieve relatively normal final height.