Last updated:10-20-2008
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Definition and causes

Total kidney failure represents an acute life-threatening condition in which kidney function completely ceased. Kidneys are vital organs and has many functions including to cleanse the blood of waste.

Total kidney failure is relatively rare and usually occur as the final stage of prolonged chronic renal failure with gradually declining kidney function. Have we advanced renal disease, for example. because of severe infections (especially of the urinary tract), certain drugs, poisons and other influences, can cause total kidney failure.

Symptoms of kidney failure

The symptoms are many, reflecting extensive renal functions. It may inter alia address:

  • Fatigue due to anemia.

  • High blood pressure.

  • Madlede, nausea and vomiting.

  • Itching.

  • Bone pain due to bone degradation.

  • Chest pain due to inflammation of the heart sac.

  • Swelling due to fluid accumulation in the skin.

  • Shortness of breath because of fluid in the lungs.

  • Headache, confusion, weakness and cramps consciousness because of fluid in the brain.

See also chronic renal failure.

Treatment of renal failure

The treatment is very much a specialist task that takes place in a specialized in kidney diseases (nefrologisk department), or intensive care unit. If there is an operative cause (infection or similar), dealt with this. In addition, blood pressure lowering therapy and treatment of various symptoms, as described in chronic renal failure.

Because the kidneys are permanently damaged, it is necessary to replace their function to maintain life. It is therefore necessary to boot the dialysis treatment, which regularly cleans the blood in a sort of mechanical kidney.

If you are young or middle age can be, depending on health, moreover, be considered for a kidney, which can alleviate symptoms and improve survival chances.

Select and complications of renal failure

In the past, kidney failure associated with high mortality, but with modern treatments are younger patients well for many years with total kidney failure. This applies to those who are in chronic dialysis treatment and those who have received a new kidney through transplant. However, it is important to focus on his diet, go for frequent blood pressure checks and fits his dialysis and medical treatment.

Battery life is not quite as in the kidney healthy individuals. This is because, among other things, as a transplant or dialysis patients have a higher risk of arteriosclerosis and consequent diseases (including blood clots in heart and brain).

The elderly and diabetics (people who suffer from diabetes) generally have much worse chances of survival and some are so sick that you can not do anything for them.


This article is formed on the Health Guide on 03.08.06


Related articles:

Acute kidney failure (acute renal failure)
Chronic renal failure (chronic renal insufficiency)
Renal failure (renal insufficiency)
Total kidney failure (Total insufficiency)



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