Source:Danish research centre for epilepsy
Last updated:11-01-2009
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Epilepsy and first aid

Here you find condensed but critical information on how to give first aid to epilepsy patients. 



  • If possible - place something such as a pillow, a compressed jacket or sweater under the victims head to avoid injury to the head.
  • Move the person to a safe place if the incident has occured on a stairway, in the street or another spot representing danger.
  • Don't restrain the person but place on the side in recovery postion to prevent choking and fluids reversing into the lungs if the person vomits. 
  • When the seizure is over place the victim in a non locked recovery position lying on the side.
  • Let the attack run its course. When the attack is over help the person to a more comfortable place.
  • Let the person rest or sleep for a while if he/she needs it.
  • Never put anything in the victims mouth to prevent tongue biting during the attack as this may do more harm than good.
  • If one seizure follows another without the person gaining consciousness in between - or if the attack lasts longer than five minutes - then get help.

 Complex partial seizures 

  • At first wait and see.
  • Stay with the person until consiousness is regained.
  • Make sure that the person has not been injured.
 Prepared in association with Danish centre for epilepsy research.



Related articles:

Epilepsy - Seizure types
Epilepsy and first aid
Epilepsy in children
Epilepsy in the elderly
Epilepsy in the handicapped
Hortons headache (Cluster Headache)
Involuntary muscle movements (dystonia)
Myasthenia gravis
Nerve pain (neuralgia), including Trigeminal neuralgia (Tic Douloureux)
Restless Legs Syndrome
Short on epilepsy
Sleep apnoea



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