Definition and causes
Blærebetændelse is the most common form of infection of the urinary tract. It occurs almost always because the bacteria migrate from the skin up through the urethra to the bladder, where they can multiply and create infection. This is usually the bacteria through the intestine, which set in the skin in the area (known Coli bacteria).
Blærebetændelse are frequent in women, which is due to urethra and hence the distance from skin to the bladder is relatively short. Men almost never blærebetændelse (see Blærebetændelse men).
The bacteria multiply best in standing urine. Incomplete or not very frequent emptying of the bladder can increase the risk of blærebetændelse. Pregnant women may be particularly vulnerable.
Symptoms of blærebetændelse in women
Frequently, small urination, which is often painful, are the main symptoms. The urine can be dark or cloudy and possibly. contain blood. There may be fever, up to 38.5 degrees, but temperature can also be normal, especially by returning blærebetændelse.
There may be pain in the lower part of the stomach and to urinate drive can be so strong that it can be hard to get to the toilet.
The symptoms may resemble the nervous blærebetændelse or chronic urinrørsbetændelse.
Precautions and diagnosis by blærebetændelse in women
Monday experiencing symptoms of cystitis, skin, it is a good idea to drink plenty of water and urinate frequently, to scavenging through the urinary tract. This removes bacteria faster. However, one should also go to your doctor, who makes a diagnosis by a urine or symptoms alone.
Often, the urine will be sent to cultivation in order to determine what type of bacteria that cause infection.
Treatment of blærebetændelse in women
Isolated cases treated with antibiotics, and the symptoms disappear quickly. As mentioned speeded up the process by drinking plenty of water. Checks are not necessary, and almost all come completely without injury. If the urine is sent to cultivation, it may be necessary to change the type of antibiotics, when the answer comes after a few days.
Is bladder inflammation a recurring problem, or is there blood in the urine, one should always be thoroughly examined by a specialist who can determine whether there are obstructions in the urinary tract in the form of constrictions, tumors in the bladder or otherwise. These studies may involve X-ray, ultrasound and kikkertundersøgelse through the urethra (cystoskopi), and surgical treatment may be necessary if you find something.
Complications of blærebetændelse in women
Women can prevent blærebetændelse know, as far as possible, to prevent bacteria from migrating up through the urethra. Good personal hygiene can reduce the amount of intestinal bacteria on the skin, thus reducing the risk of infection. You should avoid "stick" longer than is absolutely necessary to have standing in the urinary bladder, which can create a breeding ground for bacteria. For the same reason it is important to empty the bladder completely during urination. Urinate immediately after intercourse can rinse bacteria mo
There are generally few complications to blærebetændelse. Infection may be spread through urine heads up to the kidneys and give acute renal pelvis, which by repeated instances (and other diseases of the urinary tract) can cause damage to the kidneys.
Preventing blærebetændelse in women
In young children, the elderly and people with weakened immune systems the infection can spread to blood and give blood poisoning.
This article is formed on the Health Guide on 02.08.06