Definition and causes

Fibroids are benign muscle tumors (knots), drawn from the uterus muskellag. They are found in about. 25% of all women and is most commonly in women approaching menopause (menopause). It then looks the rarer, because they degenerate again.

We do not know what causes the formation of these fibroids, but there is probably a hereditary component, as well as a hormonal component, as they are not as frequent in women who used hormones in the form of the pill as contraceptive.

Fibroids can vary greatly in size, ranging from being the size of a pea, to the woman addressed the pressure caused by fibroids of more than 10 cm.

Symptoms of muscle tumor of the uterus

The symptoms of fibroids depend on the size.

  • Often the woman has no symptoms.

  • Some women marks a fibroids in the form of frequent urination, when it becomes so large that it presses on your bladder. Other women marks the large fibroids know that they can no longer fit their trousers.

  • Some fibroids develop as a knot at the end of a stalk. If the fibroids are on its own axis, ie. the stem is twisted, the blood supply to the fibroids stopped, which seems strong pain (this is called torkveret fibroids).

  • Other women experiencing severe contraction (menorrhagia) or pain by menstruation (dysmenorrhea).

Precautions and diagnosis

Many fibroids can be found by chance during routine gynecological examination. The symptomatic fibroids diagnosed by doctors as by the symptoms as a woman experiencing, and partly by the research he is doing.

When the woman addressed to the doctor, he will perform a gynecological examination. If he can be one Fibroid mark, he will usually refer to a gynecologist, or a department that can create an ultrasound scan of the uterus.

Treatment of muscle tumor of the uterus

Since the risk of muscle knots immature to cancer is very small, it is usually nothing by fibroids, which does not produce symptoms. Large fibroids may be lagging with ultrasound examinations in between. Since fibroids can complicate pregnancy, it can be removed in such cases.

If fibroids gives genes, it can sometimes be treated with a hormone preparation that puts the woman into a "temporary menopause." This reduces the size of fibroids, but can not be used for a long time, because of the risk of developing osteoporosis (osteoporosis).

Some fibroids removed by surgery. What type depends on the location of fibroids, and is either at the telescope operation through the vagina, or through holes in the abdomen. Some lost operated by open surgery.
If there is a torkveret fibroids (see above), is examining emergency operation.

Select and complications

As mentioned developing fibroids are rarely cancer, which is why there sjældendt done about them.

Most fibroids disappear after menopause.


This article is formed on the Health Guide on 05.11.07



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