Definition and causes
Cervical cancer is a indvækst of malignant cancer cells in the cervix, which comes from his innermost layer (mucous membranes). These cells are usually developed from a few cells that have undergone a metamorphosis from the normal cervical cells for a benign cell transformation. It is recommended to read the article onmucosal changes in the cervix. The main reason for the development of these cells is HPV (Human Papilloma Virus).
There was discovered around. 500 new cases of cancer of the womb annually. The most common age groups 40-44 years and 65-69 years.
Symptoms of cervical cancer
In contrast to the benign cell, the cancer of the cervix give symptoms. The early symptoms arestain bleedsorfresh bleeding intercourse. Subsequent to thevaginal discharge,there may be less liquid, bloody and smelly.
Only late in the process seen as symptomspainand genes from indvækst in the surrounding organs.
Women who have gone through menopause, which is beginning to have abdominal bleeding should contact their own doctor, as they may be signs of cervical cancer.
Precautions and diagnosis
The diagnosis made by microscopy of tissues to be withdrawn by keglesnit (conisatio). Then agynecological examination, Which is slightly wider than normal and therefore has a full anesthetic. Here assess whether there is tangible cancer tumor of the vagina, intestine and end the internal reproductive organs. Moreover,CT scanto assess whether the cancer has spread to lymph nodes and other organs.
Treatment of cervical cancer
Treatment depends on how the woman has advanced cancer.
All cancers are divided into stages. Cervical divided on the degree of tumor is, how deeply it has grown, and the bodies it possible. has grown into in. In addition, investigate whether the cancer has spread to the blood to other organs.
Very little advanced types can be treated solely withkeglesnit
If there is more widespread cancer, uterine surgery away, and depending on the stage and age removed more or less of the surrounding structures, including lymph nodes.
If the cancer has reached a more advanced stage, will be readingchemotherapyand radiation therapy.
Select and complications
The course of cervical cancer depends on how advanced the cancer is. If not treated, it will grow into the surrounding organs and lead to their functions reduced, which might ultimately lead to death.
Even with treatment may have been indvækst in certain organs, which can lead to, for example renal impairment. For some types of operations where the uterus is removed, some nerves can be cut, and the woman may be difficult to mark when the bladder is full. This causes difficulties in retaining water. Seeincontinence.By radiotherapy may occur in the influence of the surrounding mucosa (Rectum, bladder and vagina), and especially the vagina mucous membrane can be dry.
Survival also depends on the stage of cancer disease. At the very mild forms are forecast quite good, while the advanced forms have a poor prognosis.
Prevention of cervical cancer
The main form of prevention is to follow the screening programs exist and thus regularly have taken cell samples.
This article is formed on the Health Guide on 19.10.06