Definition and causes

Menstrual Cycle usually lasts 28 days.


Marks a contraction cycle 'start, and typically lasts 4 days. This is followed by a period of 24 days to ovulate on the 14th day, and the cycle ends at the start of a new cycle, that is bleeding. In some menstrual cycles are much longer (up to 40 days), and the bleeding can last up to 7 days. If the cycle is longer than the average 28 days, is not irregular menstrual cycle, as long as each cycle is the same length.

Irregular menstruation (oligomenorré), on the other hand, if there is bleeding between menstrual s (range bleeding) or cycle varies from month to month.


Reasons for irregular menstruation

In the young girl, the first contraction be irregular, and therefore typically wait several months before initiating an investigation. In the woman. starting menopause, the last contraction typically also be erratic, declining in strength and duration, and the interval between them becomes longer.


Hormonal changes can be self-inflicted in the form of refusal to eat (anorexia nervosa and bulimia) or in the exercise of eliteidræt. In addition, the contraceptive pill, if they are not taken regularly, or if they used the contraceptive pill with the weak force, give irregular menstruation.

Hormonal changes are not self-inflicted concerns diseases of the hormone-producing organs:

  • Hypothalamus, pituitary and ovary.
  • Adrenal glands.
  • Thyroid.

Or there may be a hormone-sensitive tissue outside the uterus: endometriosis.


Symptoms of irregular menstruation (oligomenorré)

Irregular menstruation is not in itself a disease but a symptom that may represent a disease or condition that can or should be treated.


The symptoms you have to be careful, however, is partly the symptoms that accompany hormonal changes caused by disorders in other hormone-producing organs (see above links), and the symptoms that can manifest itself as physical changes.

This may partly be pain, which must be borne in mind that there may be vævsbeskadigelse behind, including any. introduction of foreign bodies in the vagina, and whether there is pain on intercourse (dyspareunia). Have a sense of heaviness or a feeling that there is something that fills the stomach, you should also tell this to her doctor.
In addition, we must be aware of the possibility of pregnancy. It is important to note that you can get pregnant, regardless of the type of contraceptive use.


Precautions and diagnosis

The irregular menstruation among the young girl who is experiencing his first menstruation, are typically not treated right away, since this within a few months will be regular. Similarly, the klimakterielle woman irregular menstruation is not treated.


Younger women who take the contraceptive pill, should consider the possibility of pregnancy. It is also recommended the rule that women stop taking the contraceptive pill, no matter how much the package has been reached, the pause and wait for next menstrual bleeding. Then it is recommended that the woman seems to be to start a new package before she again had a menstrual period.

Is there a risk of foreign object into the vagina, the woman spiral, or the woman has been subjected to a kind of physical injury, should she also seek medical advice. It should nevertheless be pointed out that some spirals contain hormones that may cause irregular bleeding.

Generally it is irregular menstruation no health risk.


The treatment of irregular menstruation

The treatment of irregular menstruation is not unique, and depends on the underlying disease or condition.
Therefore referred to the relevant section under the woman's disease.

In women, who are in the P-pill treatment can be the solution to use a different strength of the contraceptive pill, if the irregular menstruation continues.



This article is formed on the Health Guide on 06.09.06



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