Definition and causes
Celiac disease is a chronic disease in which the mucous membranes of the small intestine is damaged by the protein gluten. Gluten is a protein found in cereals, especially wheat, but also in barley, rye and oats. The damage to mucous membranes leading to the area to the entry of nutrients is reduced, and this gives symptoms. The disease is often called gluten intolerance, because we can not tolerate gluten. But there is not a true allergic reaction, but a damage, caused by gluten.
The disease most often detected in children aged (see Celiac disease in children), when the baby starts eating cereal. But the disease found in many degrees, and it often developed over many years. Therefore, the diagnosis of some early adulthood.
Genes play a role in the development of celiac disease. Among others the Swedes and Irish 5-6 times greater risk of celiac disease than the Danes. We also believe that the risk is greater, the earlier you start to eat, for example. bread and porridge.
Symptoms of celiac disease
The symptoms (see also article Celiac disease) due to the reduced surface to the inclusion of nutrients in the gut. There is therefore a deficiency. The symptoms often develop slowly, and there may be many years from the first symptoms felt the diagnosis is made.
- Weight loss and fatigue.
- Discomfort with flatulence.
- Abdominal pain.
- Poor well-being.
- Bone pain.
Precautions and diagnosis
Since celiac disease caused by a reaction to gluten, one should avoid eating gluten. This often gives some difficulties, because gluten is found in most cereals, and a gluten-free diet may be difficult to observe. This is not least because it may be difficult to know which products contain gluten. Consider, for instance. switch grain products out of corn, rice and soybeans, which do not contain gluten. Beer brewed on grain should also be avoided. A gluten-free diet can be expensive to follow, and you can apply for grants to d
In order to make plausible that one has celiac disease, can take some blood tests, but the final diagnosis made by a kikkertundersøgelse, which also takes a tissue (biopsy) of the mucous membranes that are missingvilli(See the small intestine.
Treatment of celiac disease
The treatment is referred to as gluten-free diet. This must be lifelong, since celiac disease is a chronic disease. In about. 90% of cases the symptoms disappear within a year, after walking over to the gluten-free diet. In most cases where the symptoms persist, it's because an unconscious intake of gluten (ie when you are not aware that any food containing gluten). Only a few percent of people with celiac disease can not be processed.
Complications of celiac disease
Celiac disease is associated with a number of other ailments. Because mucous membranes are damaged, is frequently while laktoseintolerance (we can not tolerate milk sugar). This intolerance disappears, however, when the mucous membranes after a period of gluten-free diet is normal again. If the lack of nutrients has gone on long seen bone pain (lack of calcium and vitamin D) and haemorrhages of the skin (lack of vitamin C). A very serious complication is that people with celiac disease have an increased risk of developing malignant lymphatic
This article is formed on the Health Guide on 11.08.06