Stress is an external or internal stimulus that causes the body to go into "emergency preparedness". Your body does not distinguish between physical and psychological stress and reacts similar in the two situations. This alert is a natural and healthy reaction. The problem is that it is hard for the body to be in this state, and therefore it can not withstand sustained stress.
The cause of stress is often that through longer feel that we can not fulfill the expectations placed on one, whether they come from a self or the outside world. It is often related to the workplace, but also family life or relationships with friends and acquaintances can be stressful and lead to disease.
It is the nervous system and endocrine system, which is responsible for setting the body to cope with a stressful situation. At any given distress, it is primarily an unconscious part of the nervous system (called the sympathetic nervous system), who very quickly makes your body physically able to cope with more than usual. This happens among other things, by releasingadrenalineto the blood. Then activate the endocrine system, releasing the stress hormonecortisolfrom binyrebarken.
Stress Hormones: Adrenaline and cortisol
Both adrenaline and cortisol are ingredients that are necessary for our survival.
Adrenaline released unlike other hormones by direct action of the brain. That is why it very quickly. Adrenaline is excreted from binyremarven, after which it circulates through the blood and helps the autonomic nervous system with a snap to make your body ready to "fight or flight" ( "fight or flight"). This reaction makes, among other things, that I'm in love faster, blood pressure rises, and the liver releases stored sugar and fats in the blood, where it is absorbed and burned by quick muscle
Cortisol is excreted by binyrerbarken and works on many organ systems. The effect is the same type and with the same purpose as adrenaline. Cortisol is an important hormone, and without it we would not be able to cope with being wounded in battle against an enemy or, these days, for example. to survive a simple operation. Cortisol is not good in large quantities. It seems slower but longer than adrenaline and are therefore important in the long-term impact, which happens when stress leads to illness.
Why you become ill with stress?
It said stress response is designed to make your body able to overcome the impending problem as to fall back to normal mode again. It will not sick of - quite the contrary. Short-term stress caused by a particular challenge to fit one's level of competence in the area mentioned by many researchers stress that "positive stress". It could be an examination, a particularly important presentation at work, or the decisive match of the championship. The kind of stress
The problem occurs if you have a stressful day. The threshold for when we feel stressed, is very individual - a very warm, while others only tolerate a little stress. But when we are constantly exposed to stress, the body will have no time to fall back to a normal situation, and created chronic high levels of stresshormoner in the blood. This mode is very hard for the body, which eventually can not cope with it more.
Adrenalin and cortisolmængderne gives chronic high blood pressure, which can cause a range of serious diseases. In addition, cortisol inhibits the immune system, making that often fall ill and find it hard to cope småinfektioner when you are under stress. The impaired immune systems are also difficult to fight bacteria in the stomach, which presumably could lead to stomach ulcers. In addition, cortisol in the long term harmful effects on the brain. Ironically becomes the area of the brain responsible for regulatinghippocampus) Has also with learning and memory to do.
Signs and symptoms of stress
Stress affects the whole body and therefore provide both physical and psychological symptoms. Some marks the first physical signs, for example. pain, fatigue, palpitations and stomach problems, while others will notice psychiatric symptoms such as. irritability, restlessness, insomnia, memory problems and perhaps low self-esteem.
Depression seen relatively often as a result of stress. Many speak in the context of "burnout", which is a fatigue depression with the audience stress symptoms.
Physical signs of stress
- Muscle Tension and muscle pain especially in the neck and back.
- Headache and migraine.
- Breathing Trouble (hyper-ventilation).
- Chest pain.
- Tremor in the hands.
- Increased sweat production.
- Stomach Problems such as pain, constipation, diarrhea, vomiting, heartburn, etc.
- Frequent illness (with common diseases such as. Colds, bronchitis, sore throat and urinary tract infections).
Psychiatric signs of stress
- Restlessness and internal unrest.
- Irritability and impatience.
- Memory Problems.
- Focusing Trouble.
- Failure sexlyst.
- Lack of appetite for social activities with friends and family.
- Anxiety - unprovoked or as an exaggerated reaction.
- Low self-esteem - feelings of inadequacy.
- A tendency to give up.
Impact of stress
Up to one in four American is suffering from stress, but not all have severe symptoms. You can have stress for several years, which ignores the sign that says it is too much in one day. The consequences of untreated stress can be serious and may ultimately lead to death.
Prolonged stress can be referred to lead to a genuine clinical depression and some of the symptoms overlap with symptoms of depression. In addition, there is stress at high risk for high blood pressure, which can lead to serious heart and circulatory system. Also stress hormones in itself increases the risk of arteriosclerosis, blood clots and even heart failure. Migraine also exacerbated by stress.
A stressed person is more susceptible to infection than normal - including ulcers - and also serious diseases such as diabetes (diabetes) and possibly cancer (cancer) seems to be amplified under stress. The same applies to chronic ailments like. rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis.
The brain is affected and eroding in some areas, especially beyond memory and learning. The right size will come back, however, when stress hormone levels fall again, but after prolonged stress sees the brain seem to permanently harmed.
A much stress could also result in a collapse that might be drastic and almost like a stroke or an acute psychosis. The person may, for example. incoherent speech and be difficult or impossible to get in touch with and be unable to do anything. A collapse may also look different with, for example. violent outbreaks and movements. In the acute phase collapse person may also be so frustrated that he or she even attempts suicide.
The hardest part of the treatment of stress is to realize that you are at risk of becoming very sick with stress and do something about it before it goes wrong. It requires that we take the time to care for themselves and to listen to your body's signals, but just time is often what appears to be missing!
Have some of these symptoms, and feel that you have a stressf