Definition of personality disorder
Personality Disorders covers a range of conditions where the person is not directly affected by symptoms. These were pronounced disturbance of the individual personality structure and behavioral tendencies. Modes are non-psychotic, and is characterized by restricting and impeding a person's functioning in everyday life. It may, for example. Focusing on problems with expressing his feelings, communicate with and
Starts in childhood
The basics of personality disorders is that person's character traits have been present since childhood and is an ingrained part of the personality. This is partly due to loads through inheritance and environment. You can not diagnose a personality disorder before the late teenage age or early adulthood, as it must be able to document a persistent personality disturbance through childhood.
In order to define a personality disorder, personal behavior is not due to an organic disorder, for example. abrain tumor,abuseschizophrenia,affective mental disordersor a nervous disorder.
It is estimated that between 12 to 15% of people suffering from personality disorders and the incidence decreases with age. Within the different types, there are some gender differences.
Causes of personality disorders
There are various theories trying to explain the development of the personality types that we know of today.
From ascientific perspectivethe personality types have been described from the way the person is expressing themselves in before a disease was diagnosed. Eg. a withdrawn personality type before developing schizophrenia. This is a person's vulnerability to develop a specific disease.
Psycho-Analysisfocuses on the development of a personality disorder due to unresolved conflicts earlier in life when the child underwent some specific stages of development.
Newerbiologicalstudies have attempted to explain the different personality types from over-or under-production of chemical substrates in the brain. Eg. it is shown that one can deal with personality disorders and aggression with impulsivitetantidepressant medication.
A recent related theories have focused on the baby psychosocial development, this theory argues that the earliest stages in a child's life is of great importance to the way the child relates to other people later in life.
Genes influence around. 50% of our personality, and you can simplified assuming that the environment is responsible for the second half. However, it must be remembered that even unconsciously seeking the environments which genes affect one to visit, so it is a complex context.
Types of personality disorders
The paranoid personality
This personality is characterized inter alia of hypersensitivity to defeat, mistrust, unfounded jealousy and preoccupation with conspiracy theories.
The skizoide personalidade: Here is the withdrawal of the emotional, social, and contact with other people. There is a tendency to imaginative thinking.
The dyssociale personalidade: Characterized by feeling cold person, indifference and a lack of account of fellow human beings. This personality disorder was formerly called psykopati.
The emotionally unstable personality:Characterized by impulsively act pattern and incalculable mood. Moreover, problems with self-perception and definitions of life.
The histroniske (hysterical) personality:Superficial and dramatize type which can react with exaggerated sense of expression. A type, which often seek excitement in life, recognition and attention.
The coercive marked personality:Perfektionistisk personality with a tendency to be careful of conscientious and dedicated. Is often characterized by internal uncertainty and doubt.
The anxious personality:A tense sensitive personality type with insecurity and inferiority feeling. Are often afraid of rejection and criticism, and avoid situations that can cause this.
The dependente personality:A type that is passive and dependent on other people when making decisions in life. The person is afraid to be abandoned, and may have feelings of helplessness and inadequacy.
Treatment of personality disorders
There are a variety of therapies, since personlighedsforstyrrelserne have varied characteristics. Must include:
Samtaleterapi: Here, therapists try to form an alliance with the patient in order to build confidence between the parties. It focuses on getting the patient to recognize and describe its problems and to work to get broken the routines and patterns that underlie personality disturbance. Additionally gruppeterapi also used in the treatment of such. the anxious personality disorder, because people here will learn to function in a social
: Many of personlighedsforstyrrelserne is often associated with anxiety and depression, why you would recommend to provide a calming anxiety / sedative or antidepressants. The dyssociale personality disorder, the problem is particularly an impulsive and aggressive behaviors that can be stabilized with anti-epileptic medication.