The termsubstance abusecover in this article over both the abuse of drugs and illicit drugs. The general definition of abuse can be found here: Abuse.

Reasons for substance abuse

There may be several reasons, to a person becoming dependent on a substance.

Medicine abuse
Are typically associated with the intake of medical drugs, which usually is required for a certain period. Certain types of medication is addictive and has effects on the psyche. This is typical of anxiety calming, sedative and analgesic medication.

Drug Abuse
Curiosity over the drugs in some cases can lead a person into an environment where it has agreed to take a narcotic substance in social contexts. The effect of different substances often involves such a strong sense of exhilaration and well-being that person again and again trying to relive the euphoria.
Moreover, there are people who, because of their environment and / or mental health problems increasingly at risk of developing drug addiction.

For both groups of abuse applied to develop both mental and physical dependence, which means that there can be serious consequences if the body does not have substance. In addition, the body becomes more and more accustomed to the substance, which means that it takes more and more substance to achieve the same narcotic effect.

Symptoms of addiction

Each drug groups short-term and long-term effect can be seen below. There should however be pointed out that the effect of different substances can vary from person to person. Here are the typical:



Abuse Symptoms

Effects of long-term use

Amphetamine, Ecstasy, cocaine and other
exhilarating funds.

Stimulates the nervous system in the brain.

Removes tired feeling.

Reduces appetite.

Amp input.

Weight loss.

Enlarged pupils.

Sleep disorder.



Persecution Ideas.


Weakening of the immune system.

Heart rhythm disturbances.


Death by overdose.
Barbiturates and other sedative
funds (stesolid, Valium,
fenemal mm.)


Sense of calm.
Rendering sleet and confused speech.

Poor coordination and concentration.

Impaired breathing.
Sleep disorder.

Death by overdose.

Memory Trouble.

Liver Effect.
Hashish and marijuana

Changing minds mood.

Red eyes.

Laughter seizures.

Drinking and eating itch.

Anxiety and paranoia.

The lasting brain damage.

Psychosis and schizophrenia.
Opium, Heroin, Morphine, Ketogan,
Pethidine and the like.
Strong painkillers.


Anxiety calming.

Increased self-assessment.

Orga Tisk feeling by.

injection into the veins.
Sleep disorder.

Weight loss.



Fluctuating mood.


Small pupils.
Death by overdose.


Intense, deadly
LSD and Meskalin (mushrooms)
Said hallucinations.

Experiences of designs, shapes and colors.
Sleep disorder.

Acute psychosis.

Enlarged pupils.

Sweating and sitren.
Not sure knowledge.

Lim, detergents, etc.


The lasting brain damage.

Liver and kidney damage.

Death by suffocation.

The side effects of drugs are numerous, but the main problem remains the social disaster that comes with any form of abuse. The abuse can at worst result in abusing lose his life either in attempts to obtain the substance, the substance or lack substance.

Abusers often have a different attitude and volatile temper. They may be restless and irritable one minute and almost immediately after sleep drown. Often seems to be low madlyst and unexplained fatigue and depression.

Symptoms vary, depending on the substance it deals with. They are typical:

  • Internal unrest.

  • Strong feelings of discomfort.

  • Chills.

  • Cramp.

  • Stomach cramps.

  • Psychosis / hallucinations / depression.

  • Sleep disorder.

  • Vejtrækningsbesvær.

  • The temperature fluctuations.

  • Heart rhythm disorder.

  • Blood pressure fluctuations.

Treatment and complications

Treatment of drug abuse can be divided into the treatment of acute poisoning symptoms, diseases and the longer-term detoxification.

Treatment of symptoms and poisoning
Yesterday, first and foremost is to get misbrugeren through this huge hard and unpleasant time. Symptoms that pose a risk to the patient's life is obviously our priority. The patient's airway, breathing and circulatory monitored intensively, and if necessary, use respiratory therapy.
Antipsychotic and sedative drugs used to treat seizures and possible psychosis.
By poisoning used existing antidotes, if required.

Treatment of diseases
As the above table, substance abuse can lead to organ damage. Not only that the abuse's life to a great extent the cause of a number of diseases. The reduced immune to addicts more susceptible to various bacterial infections of the skin and blood, etc. The use of unclean needles poses the risk of infection with hepatitis and HIV / AIDS. Treatment of these can be found under the respective diseases.

If or when the patient get through withdrawal symptoms or poisoning, begin the real work of abuse and their immediate.

Both the psychological, social and physical dependence is a big block on the leg of the person who is trying



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