Definition and causes
Blærebetændelse is the most common form of infection of the urinary tract, but is rare in men. It occurs almost always because the bacteria migrate from the skin up through the urethra to the bladder, where they can multiply and create infection. This is usually the bacteria through the intestine, which set in the skin in the area (known asColi bacteria).
Blærebetændelse are frequent in women (see Blærebetændelse in women), due to the urethra, and hence the distance from skin to the bladder is much shorter than in men.
In men, blærebetændelse often associated with other disorders of the urinary tract. The bacteria multiply best in standing urine, and incomplete emptying of the bladder can increase the risk of blærebetændelse. This is typically caused by drainage obstacles in the form of urinrørsforsnævringer, for example. because of arvæv or enlarged prostate or rarely a tumor in the bladder. In children can cause birth defects (see urinary tract infections in children).
Symptoms of blærebetændelse in men
The symptoms are similar for men and women. Frequently, small urination, which often is painful or bitter, is the key. The urine can be dark or cloudy and possibly. contain blood. There may be fever, up to 38.5 degrees, but temperature can also be normal, especially by returning blærebetændelse. Frequent urination and small is also seen by an enlarged prostate.
There may be pain in the lower part of the stomach and to urinate drive can be so strong that it can be hard to get to the toilet.
The symptoms may resemble urinrørsbetændelse or symptoms of enlarged prostate.
Precautions and diagnosis by blærebetændelse in men
Monday experiencing symptoms of cystitis, skin, it is a good idea to drink plenty of water and urinate frequently, to scavenging through the urinary tract. This removes bacteria faster. We must also go to your doctor, who makes a diagnosis by a urine or symptoms alone. Often, the urine will be sent to cultivation in order to determine what type of bacteria that cause infection, and usually will launch a major investigation by a specialist to find the cause.
Treatment of blærebetændelse in men
Blærebetændelse treated with antibiotics, and the symptoms disappear quickly. As mentioned speeded up the process by drinking plenty of water. Checks are not necessary, and almost all come completely without injury. If the urine is sent to cultivation, it may be necessary to change the type of antibiotics, when the answer comes after a few days.
Men with blærebetændelse should always be thoroughly examined by a specialist who can determine whether there are obstructions in the urinary tract in the form of constrictions, for example. enlarged prostate, congenital constrictions or tumors in the bladder. These studies may involve X-ray, ultrasound, and kikkertundersøgelse through the urethra (cystoskopi) and surgical treatment or other explanation may be necessary if you find something.
Complications of blærebetændelse in men
You should avoid "stick" longer than is absolutely necessary to have standing in the urinary bladder, which can create a breeding ground for bacteria. For the same reason it is important to empty the bladder completely during urination. Urinate immediately after intercourse can rinse bacteria received from partner out of the urethra.
There are generally few complications to blærebetændelse. Infection may be spread through urine heads up to the kidneys and give acute renal pelvis, which by repeated instances can cause damage to the kidneys.
Preventing blærebetændelse in men
In young children, the elderly and people with weakened immune systems the infection can spread to blood and give blood poisoning.