Last updated:10-15-2008
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Thyroid orglandularthyroidis an H-shaped gland that sits in front of the neck just below the larynx. The form and excrete thyroid hormonestyroxinandtrijodthyronin(T4 and T3) for the blood that controls the body's metabolism (metabolism). There is excreted most tyroxin, which will be presented below.

The formation and excretion of tyroxin guided from above by the pituitary gland, which is a small gland that sits under the brain. Pituitary hormone TSH sampler, which affects the thyroid gland to excrete more tyroxin. If this delicate balance is disturbed, can cause disturbances in the body's metabolism.

Tyroxin thyroid hormones containing iodine as its main component, and it is therefore important to receive adequate amounts of iodine from the diet, as otherwise it can not provide enough tyroxin to maintain metabolism. In Denmark the diet natural content of iodine low, and the foods that contain most of iodine, fish and especially milk. The Danes have generally too little iodine through their food, why did we choose to add iodine to household salt.


Biskjoldbruskkirtlerne is 4 tiny glands, which sit on the back of the thyroid gland. They excrete the hormoneparathyroid(PTH), which interact with vitamin D (see vitamin and mineral deficiency), regulates blood levels of calcium.

Calcium has many important functions in the body. It is necessary for building bones and teeth, it is part of the process that causes blood to clot, and it is essential to muscles and nerves to function properly.


Related articles:

Decreased activity in biskjoldbruskkirtlerne (Hypoparatyreoidisme)
Decreased activity of the thyroid (Myksødem)
Increased activity in biskjoldbruskkirtlerne (Hyperparatyreoidisme)
Increased activity in the thyroid (Tyreotoksikose)
Thyroid and biskjoldbruskkirtlerne (glandular thyroid and glandular paratyroidea)
Tumor of the thyroid (Tumors in the thyroid gland)



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