Involuntary nocturnal urination (enuresis nocturna) Is one of barnealderens most common and most chronic diseases and is the cause of much frustration, guilt and poor self-esteem. Tilstanden is known and described all the way back to 1550 f.kr. and has been surrounded by many myths, taboos and prejudices, among other things, that enuresis is due to psychological problems in children. This has also been reflected in the variety of treatments that have been recommended and which often has the character of punishment.
Modern research has shown, however, that the state often due to basic physical conditions, as the night urine output and so causes blærens rummeevne. There are now treatments, addressed to these mechanisms and which can do the majority of children dry.
Day and night incontinenceIt has enuresis, if you wet the bed at night, after five years of age, while we talk about daginkontinens if you wet the pants in the daytime. It is important that separates these types of incontinence, as well as exploring the treatment is different.
Frequency of involuntary nocturnal urinationEnuresis is very abundant. Thus, six to 10 percent of all the seven-year-old problem. This means that one to two children in each class and a total of approximately 50,000 children suffer from enuresis.
If we do not do something about the problem, there are approximately 15 percent chance to be dry during one year. However, it is so, the chances are even worse among those who have enuresis each night. In a small proportion of children continue up the symptoms in adulthood and one to three percent of young adults has continued enuresis.
Enuresis is clearly hereditary. For example, if one of the two parents had enuresis as children, their children have 5-7 times greater risk of getting enuresis than others. It is also well on the way to find the genes that result in enuresis.
"Children and incontinence" - Kontinensforeningen